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What Is Caffeine Withdrawal Definition

Caffeine produces a variety of physiological effects on the cerebral vascular system, blood pressure, respiratory function, stomach and colon activity, urine volume, and physical performance. Low to moderate doses of caffeine (20 mg-200 mg) result in reports of increased well-being, happiness, energy, alertness and sociability, while higher doses are more likely to cause symptoms of anxiety, nervousness and upset stomach. [2] [6] Differential diagnosis for caffeine withdrawal may include, but is not limited to: Some studies have shown that the incidence of headaches is about 50% and the incidence of clinically significant conditions or functional impairments is 13%. As a rule, the onset of symptoms begins 12-24 hours after stopping caffeine, peaks at 20-51 hours, and can last up to two to nine days. “As it is used over time, the brain adjusts its receptors to respond to the effects of caffeine and develops an addiction to it,” says Uma Naidoo, MD, director of nutritional and lifestyle psychiatry at Massachusetts General Hospital. “Therefore, stopping caffeine must be done carefully and slowly so that the brain has the progressive ability to adapt again.” Caffeine withdrawal causes a variety of negative mood states (sometimes called dysphoria), ranging from depression to feelings of anxiety or irritability. Keep in mind that these feelings are usually temporary and should pass once the withdrawal is complete. Mills L, Boakes RA, Colagiuri B. Caffeine placebo reduces withdrawal in abstinent coffee drinkers. J Psychopharmacol (Oxford). 2016;30(4):388-94.

doi: 10.1177/0269881116632374 “Caffeine is the most widely used stimulant in the world, and it`s cheap and readily available, so people can easily maintain their caffeine intake,” says Roland Griffiths, Ph.D., professor of psychiatry and neuroscience at Johns Hopkins. “However, the latest research shows that if people don`t get their usual dose, they may experience a number of withdrawal symptoms, including headaches, fatigue, difficulty concentrating. They may even feel like they have the flu with nausea and muscle pain. “We teach a systematic method to gradually reduce caffeine intake over time by replacing decaffeinated or non-caffeinated products. Using such a method allows people to reduce or eliminate withdrawal symptoms,” says Griffiths. Caffeine is a central nervous system (CNS) stimulant of the methylxanthine class and is one of the most commonly used drugs in the world. Unlike other psychoactive drugs, it is legal, cheap and unregulated in almost every region of the world. As a result, people who usually drink caffeinated beverages may develop a physical, emotional and psychological dependence on it and experience caffeine withdrawal syndrome after abruptly ending caffeine consumption.

This activity reviews the pathophysiology, presentation and diagnosis of caffeine withdrawal and highlights the importance of the interprofessional team in its management. A great way to reduce your caffeine intake is to reduce it by about 10% every two weeks. This way, you`ll reduce your caffeine intake to the point where you`ll end up being caffeine-free, but it will take several months to get there. Caffeine withdrawal is now recognized as a disorder in the Diagnostic Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), the manual used by most clinicians to diagnose mental disorders. Not sure if you have any caffeine withdrawal symptoms? Research has shown that these are some of the most common symptoms reported by those who withdraw from caffeine. If you decide to stop or reduce caffeine, you`ll likely experience withdrawal symptoms like headaches, fatigue, and even hand tremors. These symptoms should only last two to nine days, but many people consume caffeine again to get rid of them. Headaches due to caffeine withdrawal may seem similar to a migraine, and many other caffeine withdrawal symptoms are similar to those that occur during a migraine. However, more research is needed to determine how the two are related.

For some people, caffeine withdrawal can trigger a migraine. Rogers PJ, Heatherley SV, Mullings EL, Smith JE. Faster, but not smarter: Effects of caffeine and caffeine withdrawal on alertness and performance. Psychopharmacology (Berl). 2013;226(2):229-240. doi:10.1007/s00213-012-2889-4 Talk to a doctor if you need additional help treating your caffeine withdrawal symptoms. You can also use the American Psychological Association`s Psychologist Locator Tool to find mental health professionals in your area who can offer help. Start by keeping a caffeine diary and write down any caffeinated foods and beverages you consume. Be sure to check the labels of painkillers or supplements to see if they contain caffeine. Caffeine is a common ingredient in many prescription and over-the-counter headache medications, painkillers, and cold remedies. By affecting caffeine on your central nervous system, it helps these drugs to work more effectively. It helps your body absorb headache medications faster.

Healthcare providers and patients should be aware that there are preliminary studies in mice that have shown that caffeine withdrawal in a habitual chronic user can alter the activity of antidepressants in the monoamine, adenosine, and glutamate systems [10] Some people experience flu-like symptoms with caffeine withdrawal — such as nausea or a general feeling of malaise. In some cases, this can also lead to vomiting. Mood swings usually disappear when you overcome withdrawal. If your negative mood persists once you`re done with caffeine, talk to a doctor about how you`re feeling. Sometimes mental health issues underlie addiction and only become visible when you`ve quit. Mental health problems can also be triggered by drug use, including caffeine use. In both cases, a doctor may suggest or refer you to appropriate treatment. Here are some common caffeine withdrawal symptoms to be expected. Some symptoms, such as headaches, can be effectively treated with over-the-counter painkillers. Gastrointestinal symptoms, such as nausea or vomiting, can also be treated with over-the-counter medications.

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